CPHA Canvax
CPHA Canvax
Abstract

Objective
Pain, fear, and fainting management during school-based vaccinations is suboptimal. The objective was to examine stakeholder perceptions of barriers and facilitators to better practices. Method: Six semi-structured focus groups were conducted in Niagara Region, Ontario: two parent groups (n=7); one grade 7 to 8 student group (n=9); two nurse groups (n=12); and one school staff group (n=6). Participants shared perceptions about school vaccination clinics and the implementation of specific strategies and tools. Focus groups were audio recorded and transcribed. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) was used as the framework for analysis.

Results
Feedback from stakeholders was categorized into four domains of CFIR: intervention characteristics, inner setting, outer setting, and characteristics of individuals. Intervention characteristics included: vaccine educational materials, vaccination accommodations, distraction techniques, topical anaesthetics, and food. Inner setting factors included: school vaccination procedures, relationships between school staff and nurses, assessment and documentation of student fear, and factors that contribute to a chaotic vaccination clinic. Outer setting factors were: the social environment and addressing parent and student needs. Stakeholder roles were discussed in characteristics of individuals.

Conclusion
This study identified elements that can facilitate and challenge pain and fear mitigation tools and strategies; these elements should be considered in the development of a Knowledge Translation (KT) intervention to improve the school vaccination experience.


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Involving stakeholders in informing the development of a Knowledge Translation (KT) intervention to improve the vaccination experience at school

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Evidence

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Category

Program Planning and Delivery,Program Delivery and Evaluation,School Based Immunizations,Vaccination Decision Making,Vaccine Acceptance and Uptake,Anxiety and Pain Management Program Planning and Delivery
Program Delivery and Evaluation
School Based Immunizations
Vaccination Decision Making
Vaccine Acceptance and Uptake
Anxiety and Pain Management

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