Last Reviewed: October 15, 2020
Anxiety and Pain Management
Immunizations are a routine part of medical care for good health. As most vaccines are administered by injection, this may cause pain and anxiety for some individuals, who may then delay or avoid vaccinations, leaving them vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases. Mitigating pain and anxiety during vaccination is important for improving individual vaccine experience and promoting vaccine uptake.
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Immunization Stress-Related Responses - A synopsis of the manual for program managers and health professionals to prevent, identify and respond to stress-related responses following immunization
Exposure-based Interventions for the management of individuals with high levels of needle fear across the lifespan: a clinical practice guideline and call for further research